About Refractive Surgery
Refraction is the process of light passing through one object to another. When light passes through the eye (cornea and lens), the retina converts it into a message that is sent to the brain to interpret the image we are seeing. When a refraction error occurs, that means there is a problem with how light is traveling through the eye and being interpreted by the retina. This is usually the result of an abnormal shape of the cornea, advanced age, or the specific length of the eyeball. Refraction errors can cause visual impairments, including nearsightedness, farsightedness, age-related near vision loss, and astigmatism. Thanks to modern ocular care, these conditions can be improved with refractive surgery. Our highly trained eye surgeons, Dr. Allison Young and Dr. Jana Waters at Stone Oak Ophthalmology Center in San Antonio, TX, are exceptionally skilled in performing ocular surgeries, such as LASIK, PRK, and RLE to correct refraction disorders.
Refractive Surgery Explained Reviews
"I am an eighty five year old woman and I have been to many physicians over my lifetime and I have never been seen by a doctor like I have been seen by Dr. Young She is a delightful and charming physician. She is professional, sensitive and kind. Her smile lights up the room and you can tell she has a beautiful heart from just speaking to her. Dr. Young took her time with the exam; she gave me eye contact, and explained everything to me thoroughly and patiently all my questions were answered. I also had the opportunity to buy my glasses in their own optical center. My eyes were completed taken care of after my visit."- R. / ZocDoc / Dec 17, 2021
"At my initial visit in 2012, Dr Young came in and greeted me with a huge smile and bubbly personality. She told me I was perfect for LASIK since my contacts weren't doing so well with me. It took two years to get the guts to do it, but it was worth it! Dr Young and her staff were so helpful, knowledgeable and took the time to answer all my questions and concerns. Dr Young treated me with compassion as she walked me through the LASIK procedure. Her after care was even better! She was always available to answer my crazy questions at the appointments after the LASIK procedures I am so thankful for a great doctor like Dr Young!"- J. / ZocDoc / Dec 17, 2021
"At my initial visit in 2012, Dr Young came in and greeted me with a huge smile and bubbly personality. She told me I was perfect for LASIK since my contacts weren't doing so well with me. It took two years to get the guts to do it, but it was worth it! Dr Young and her staff were so helpful, knowledgeable and took the time to answer all my questions and concerns. Dr Young treated me with compassion as she walked me through the LASIK procedure. Her after care was even better! She was always available to answer my crazy questions at the appointments after the LASIK procedures I am so thankful for a great doctor like Dr Young!"- Anonymous / ZocDoc / Dec 08, 2019
"Dr. Teresa Whitney performed cataract surgery on both my left and right eyes in August 2020, and she did an absolutely AWESOME job! Like many, I was terrified of the procedure, and had deferred it for many years, until I was nearly blind - OK, I was legally blind. With GREAT anxiety, I submitted myself to Dr. Whitney's care, and I emerged from the first surgery absolutely amazed at the results. I was back her table a week later for the other eye, FAR less concerned with both the procedure and the outcome. I am now 20:20 in both eyes, no longer need glasses of any kind, and have for the first in over a decade, had the eyeglass restriction removed from my driver's license! I can honestly say, I'm very sorry that I have but only two eyes, or I'd be a repeat patient. Thank you, Dr. Whitney, for restoring my eyesight!!"- M.D. / Google / Sep 14, 2020
"I have 10000% confidence in Dr. Allison Young. SO thankful a friend - and a REALLY picky friend she is! - recommended Dr. Young for my cataract surgery. Now I am the one recommending her to MY friends! 😍"- L.T. / Google / Feb 25, 2022
The best candidates for refractive correction surgery are typically 18 years of age or older, are in overall good health, and have vision impairments that prevent them from seeing properly. We offer three different types of refractive surgeries, including LASIK, PRK, and RLE. Since every patient will have varying needs, the specific type of surgery that is best for you will be determined after a comprehensive eye exam and diagnostic testing. Once our surgical team has evaluated your condition and discussed your unique lifestyle and personal preferences, we can make our recommendation on which procedure may be ideal for you.
What to Expect
The types of refractive surgeries we perform at Stone Oak Ophthalmology Center include:
LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis): This procedure is one of the most popular vision correction surgeries as it offers great results. During this surgery, the shape of the cornea is changed with an excimer laser to allow light to hit directly on the retina for improved vision. The laser will create a thin flap along the cornea, which is then pulled open so the laser can contour the cornea to the appropriate shape based on your unique prescription. This generally takes about 10 minutes with little to no downtime.
PRK (photorefractive keratectomy): This surgery was the standard treatment before LASIK became available. Today, it is still considered an effective method for corrective eye surgery and is an alternative for those who do not qualify for LASIK. This procedure is most often recommended for patients who have inadequate corneal thickness. Instead of creating a flap on the cornea (like in LASIK), a thin layer of epithelial tissue is removed entirely and the cornea is reshaped with the laser. The corneal tissue will grow back through natural regeneration within about a week.
RLE (refractive lens exchange): This procedure is a very simple technique that utilizes state-of-the-art laser technology to remove the eye's natural lens and replaces it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) to improve vision impairments. This is usually reserved for patients who have had vision changes due to advanced age. RLE is often completed within 15 minutes.
The healing and follow-up process will depend on the type of surgery that was performed and the unique patient case. However, we typically schedule a checkup for the following day after surgery to ensure there aren't any complications that need immediate attention. It's normal to experience mild blurring, double vision, and/or light sensitivity after your procedure, but these symptoms often improve with time. Additional follow-up appointments will be scheduled accordingly so we can safely and closely monitor your progress.
Refractive Error Repair
Our ocular surgeons have helped restore and improve the vision of countless San Antonio patients and encourage you to call our office to schedule an appointment to see if refractive correction surgery is right for you. Although some patients may not qualify for LASIK surgery, we offer several alternatives that can bring great improvement. Reach out to Stone Oak Ophthalmology Center today to learn more.