About Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetes is an ever-increasing epidemic in America, and our eyes are one of the first places that the damaging effects of diabetes can be detected. This is why our board-certified ophthalmologists, Dr. Allison Young, Dr. Kristin Held, and Dr. Teresa Whitney, recommend that patients receive routine eye exams to monitor their vision. Diabetic retinopathy is a spectrum of eye disorders that are seen in patients with diabetes. Both insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes can lead to diabetic retinopathy, which can cause blockage, swelling, and leaking of the retinal blood vessels. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can even lead to blindness. If you have Type 1 or 2 diabetes, we encourage you to call Stone Oak Ophthalmology Center in San Antonio, TX to get evaluated by one of our skilled ophthalmologists to ensure there are no issues or concerns with your eyesight.
"Dr Young is the best! Will never go anywhere else."- J.W. / Google / Aug 25, 2019
"Hands down the best decision you can make for your over all eye health and your vision. Dr. Young and her staff made me feel validated and appreciated. As a patient that’s all you can hope for and more. With Dr. Young’s guidance, choosing the cataract removal with the symfony lens implant has forever changed my view on life.... (see what I did there). :)"- A.K. / Google / Aug 06, 2019
"I highly recommend Dr. Held. Her conscientious and careful approach to her patients is followed by excellent skills and follow up. I highly respect Dr. Held I all respects and stress that she is an amazing woman."- Anonymous / Healthgrades / Apr 26, 2019
"Dr. Young and Staff are fantastic. I recently underwent bilateral LASIK without complication and with the utmost care. I felt completely at ease with Dr. Young. She has the combination of skill and stellar bedside manner, I could not ask for more!!"- J... / Google / Apr 16, 2019
"Dr. Young and Staff are fantastic. I recently underwent bilateral LASIK without complication and with the utmost care. I felt completely at ease with Dr. Young. She has the combination of skill and stellar bedside manner, I could not ask for more!!"- J. / Google / Mar 27, 2019
Signs and symptoms will vary, depending on the stage and severity of diabetic retinopathy but may include:
- Flashes and floaters
- Blurred or distorted vision
- Dark or shadowed areas of vision
- A decline in the ability to identify color
In general, the poorer your blood sugar control and the longer you have had diabetes, the higher your risk of developing retinopathy. This is why it's so important to properly manage and monitor your blood sugar levels and to follow the advice of your primary doctor and/or endocrinologist. High blood pressure can cause the retinal blood vessels to become thicker or swollen, which can cause them to burst and spill blood into the retina and vitreous body. This phenomenon can eventually lead to retinal and optic nerve damage.
Stone Oak Ophthalmology Center offers several effective treatment options for diabetic retinopathy. The treatment selected will depend on your specific case and the severity of the disease. In recent years, various medications (corticosteroid or anti-VEGF) have become available that can be injected directly into the eye. The goal of these injections is to induce inflammation of the abnormal blood vessels before they cause irreparable damage. The treatment for leaking or damaged blood vessels often includes laser therapy that can cauterize and seal them before further deterioration occurs. Early diagnosis and treatment are key with diabetic retinopathy in addition to practicing at-home care to monitor and manage healthy blood sugar levels.
Treat Diabetic Retinopathy
To detect and prevent diabetic retinopathy, we strongly encourage maintaining control over your Type 1 or 2 diabetes and receiving regular, comprehensive eye exams. At Stone Oak Ophthalmology Center, our skilled team of eye care professionals can perform a series of diagnostic tests to accurately diagnose and treat diabetic retinopathy to preserve your ocular health. Reach out to our San Antonio, TX office to set up an exam today.